Iqaluit Facts

The capital of the Canadian territory of Nunavut


Located in Nunavut, Canada… Iqaluit is a hub for the North American Arctic, it has an airport and a warm-water port. It is the capital of Nunavut and has one of the fastest-growing populations in Canada with about 7,000 people living there at this time. There are also a lot of immigrants that live in Iqaluit from other parts of Canada or even other countries. Iqaluit's economy revolves around fishing, mining, oil exploration as well as government jobs. It is the last territory to join Canada back in 1999.

9:14 mins video of Iqaluit

  • 1. Iqaluit is the capital city of Nunavut, also its largest city. It became the official capital city of Nunavut on April 1st, 1999.
  • 2. Iqaluit has a number of prominent tourist attractions that include the Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum, the Inukshuk sculpture garden and various other arts and crafts shops.
  • 3. Nunavut means "Our Land" in the Inuktitut language and it has about 29,000 square miles of land area and about 25,000 square miles of water area. This makes it bigger than many countries in Europe (France, Sweden). Nunavut is also bigger than six US states (Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware).
  • 4. The GDP of Iqaluit is $28 million a year, this means that it is one of the smallest economies of any city in North America.
  • 5. Iqaluit has a subarctic climate, its mostly cold winter... and only a few weeks of summer.
  • 6. Iqaluit was founded in 1945 by an American military group and it was known as Frobisher Bay back then. Iqaluit is actually an Inuktitut word that means "place of many fish" or "fishing place".
  • 7. Iqaluit will be the first place on Earth to see the sun when it rises in the spring (March) and also the last place to see the sun when it sets (September).
  • 8. Traveling from Toronto to Iqaluit takes approximately 2 days on a plane, there are no roads that connect the two cities (they are simply too far apart).
  • 9. The Inuksuk sculpture garden is one of the most popular attractions in Iqaluit and it has several statues there as well as engravings, drawings and even amphitheaters made out of stone.
  • 10. Things to do in Iqaluit include hiking, kayaking, rock climbing, skydiving and even sailing (through icebergs).
  • 11. The population in Iqaluit is about 83% Inuit with the rest being mostly white or mixed-race people from across Canada or other parts of the world.
  • 12. Unfortunately, the city has the highest suicide rate per capita in all of Canada.