Alberta Facts

Alberta is the oil capital of Canada


The province of Alberta is located in Western Canada. In addition to mountains and prairies, it has desert badlands and immense coniferous forests. Minerals are abundant in the area as well as 600 lakes. There are glaciers in the Columbia Icefields in the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks to the west. The Waterton Glacier International Peace Park is bordered on the south by the United States.

1. The largest city in Alberta is Calgary.

2. Edmonton was originally called St. Albert. It is currently the capital city of the province.

3. In the early 1900's, Calgary became the financial center of Western Canada and was nicknamed "Cowtown".

4. The province is home to breathtaking mountain scenery with glaciers, forests, and desert landscapes.

5. The province is celebrated for its artistic heritage and beautiful landscape.

6. Alberta has no provincial sales tax.

7. Alberta's population as of 2021 is 4,442,879.

8. The province boasts a world-class education system with excellent high school graduation rates.

9. Alberta has one of the highest median household incomes in Canada.

10. The province was named after Queen Victoria's fourth daughter, Princess Louise Caroline Alberta. It means "queen of the mountains" in Gaelic.

11. The capital city of Alberta is Edmonton, which is home to the famous West Edmonton Mall.

12. The capital city of Alberta was previously Calgary until 1905.

13. Calgary's economy has traditionally been linked to the oil and gas industry, although it has diversified over time and includes a growing finance and tourism sector. Due to its generally low corporate tax rates, Calgary is a popular hub for many national and international companies.

14. The province has more than 40 national parks.

15. Alberta's population is young with one third under the age of 24, according to the 2011 Census.

16. Banff National Park is one of the oldest parks in the world.

17. Alberta is home to some of the largest oil sands deposits in the world.

18. The Athabasca oil sands are the third largest reserve of oil in the world after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.

19. The Athabasca oil sands have an estimated bitumen deposit of about 138 billion tonnes, with about 80% being too deep for surface mining and must be extracted by more expensive in-situ methods. As of 2012, it is estimated that 170 square kilometres worth of bitumen deposits are mined annually, containing approximately 4.

20. The cost of living in Alberta is high, but high average wages compared to the rest of Canada.

21. Alberta is home to the Royal Tyrrell Museum which possesses the second largest dinosaur fossil collection in the world, with over 110,000 specimens, which makes it one of Alberta's most recognized tourist attractions.

22. The Government of Alberta has asserted its intention to move towards eliminating coal-fired electricity generation and increasing the use of renewable energy sources like wind turbines and solar panels to generate renewable hydroelectric power.

23. The Canadian province is being used as a site for giant batteries that will store electricity from intermittent wind and solar generation resources in the province.

24. The province is sparsely populated with only 4.1 people per square kilometer.

25. Alberta's diverse economy includes a growing and profitable technology sector, particularly in the Calgary region. The provincial government is a major employer in Alberta, although since 1993, many government services have been privatized. In 2015, 37% of the provincial budget will come from non-renewable resource revenue (oil and gas and related industries).

26. In 2017 the economy was expected to grow by 4% as Albertan oil production reached 3 million barrels per day for the first time ever.